Love Parade: A Failed Project

Published: 2021-06-29 06:40:49
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History and Background
The Love parade was a music festival that originated in 1989 in West Berlin where it was help from 1989 to 2003. The parade was the idea of a German DJ named Dr Motte, as was originally meant as a demonstration for peace, liberty and love.
As the festival progressed through the nineties it was promoted as a demonstration to pass any responsibility for the clean-up costs to the German state. In 2001 the Love Parade was officially classified as a commercial event turning the costs of cleaning back to the companies organising the event. In 2004 the event was cancelled due to excess costs and reduced numbers. The event was re-launched in 2006 and moved to the Ruhr region of Germany in 2007. The 2007 event had an attendance of 1.2 million compared with 500,000 the previous year. (Berlin Life)
The 2008 festival had an attendance of 1.6 million.
The festival usually passed off peacefully and for an event of its scale had very low amounts of crime, with only a small number of thefts and drug possession charges being brought against people.
Different acts performed from stages on top of trucks that were often mobile during the event.

What Happened?! (Refer to picture evidence in appendices)

On 24th July 2010, 21 people were killed at the Love Parade in Duisburg, Germany.
The festival took place in the northern part of the grounds. Trucks with DJs and dancers drove in circles around the old freight depot. In order to get to the festival area, visitors first had to pass the access control points on the east or west side of the venue. They then must pass through a tunnel to access the premises where the music is played. There was only one main entry and exit ramp and there was a very small 2nd exit ramp.
On the eastern side they must pass through a tunnel and on the western side they must pass beneath three bridges.
During the 1st three and a half hours, the system for entry and exit was working without any major incidents, (shown on CCTV). Then at 3:50pm, the police started forming a cordon in the Western area in front of the small exit ramp. This cordon blacks the visitors entering and leaving from that side. A couple of minutes later, police form a 2nd cordon on the east side of the tunnel. At this stage both access areas have been blocked by police.
Just after 4pm, there was a sudden build-up of people in front of the 1st cordon. A witness claimed that police had given the order for the access control point on the west to be opened and moved to an area behind the small exit ramp.
Police then formed a 3rd cordon at the bottom of the main exit/entry ramp at its narrowest point. The fire department deemed this decision by the police to be "Very problematic with regard to operational tactics". This shows that the emergency services were not operating together.
Just after 4:10pm, police closed the 3rd cordon on main entry/exit ramp. At this stage the number of people wanting to exit the event is growing very quickly and they cannot leave. This then creates a bottleneck.
At this stage, police had now been blocking the crowd flowing in and out for over 15 minutes. The pressure on the other side of the police cordons is increasing at a rapid rate as a result of more people trying to get into the event.

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