Management Theories and Psychology

Published: 2021-06-29 06:43:49
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Category: Psychology

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Assignment 1 - Part A - Management Theories & Philosophies
"With reference to the appropriate literature on both the 'classical' and 'human relations' approaches to management theory, critically evaluate how these are applied to an organisation of your own choice."

Management pervades every part of our modern day life as the word can be found in the arts, business, education, sport, and even in the home. But what does the word management mean and how does it affect the work that we undertake?

According to the Concise Oxford Dictionary (2011), the word management relates to the "administration of business concerns or public undertakings." In addition, management is also a synthesis or the combination of components or elements to form a connected whole. However, Texier (2013) argues that management does not necessary mean it has to relate to business and it should always be viewed within the context of the organisation it relates to.

Regarding the diverse nature of management, there is no one size fits all theory, but it could be described as "To manage is to forecast and plan, to organise, to command to coordinate and to control." Fayol (1916) cited in Cole & Kelly (2011, p.12 )

The purpose of this paper is to critically evaluate both the classical and human relations approach to management theory by analyzing the appropriate theories to an organisation well know by the author.

Overview of the Organisation
The King's Royal Hussars (KRH) is a main battle tank regiment currently stationed in Tidworth, Hampshire. The regiment operates the Challenger 2 main battle tank (MBT) and other Combat Reconnaissance Vehicles (CRV) considered essential for the duties of a front line fighting unit.

Regimental life centres on rotation duties in Afghanistan together with combat exercises on Salisbury plain and live firing battle group training in Canada, preparing the regiment to deploy at short notice to any war zone in the world. Sport and adventure training are considered essential elements of regimental life as they foster teamwork and Esprit de corps. Standardised training is delivered at The Royal Amoured Corps (RAC) Centre, Bovington Camp, Wareham, Dorset, where all RAC soldiers receive instruction as drivers, gunners, radio operators and commanders.

Review of Theory
Henri Fayol (1841-1925) was pioneer in management theory and laid the foundation for establishing management as a disciple (Prior & Taneja 2010 p. 489) Fayol trained as a mining engineer and worked for the same organisation until he retired. In 1916, his major work on management theory was published. Administration Industrielle et Generale outlined Fayol's five key management activities namely, to forecast and plan, organise, command, co-ordinate and control. In addition, his five elements were further supported by fourteen principles; division of work; authority; discipline; unity of command; unity of direction; subordination of individual interests to general interest; centralisation; scalar chain; order; equity; stability of tenure of personnel; initiative; and espirit de corps. (Fayol 1949)

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