November 4, 2011
Methods of Contraception
TINA AND DAN
Possible methods of contraception for Tina and Dan include oral contraceptives, diaphragm, and condoms. Since Tina and Dan are planning to start a family within the year, I ruled out most everything else. IUDs were a borderline option to recommend, but I would only recommend the most advanced IUD, which costs between $800-$1200. The male's role in helping choose contraception should be discussed between both partners in the relationship. Several factors may be influential including convenience and moral acceptability.
The first birth control method I would share is a female oral contraceptive, more specifically a multiphasic combination pill. The multiphasic combination pill contains synthetic forms of both estrogen and progesterone and varies the dosage amounts given to the woman (Rathus, Nevid, Fichner-Rathus, 2005). Varying the amounts of hormones given to a woman help decrease the negative side effects (Rathus, et. al., 2005). Advantages of an oral contraceptive start with an almost 100% effective rate if taken correctly. Other advantages include a decrease of PIDs, benign ovarian cysts, and benign breast growths. Advantages continue on with the act of coitus not being interrupted and a more regular menstrual cycle (Rathus, et. al., 2005). Disadvantages of an oral conceptive include no protection against STIs, side effects caused by the estrogen levels, and an increase in the risk of blood clots (Rathus, et. al., 2005).